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2020年5月19日外交部发言人赵立坚主持例行记者会【中英文对照版】
责任编辑:  发布时间:2020-05-20  阅读次数:显示稿件总访问量

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Zhao Lijian's Regular Press Conference on May 19, 2020


中央广播电视总台央视记者:昨天,第73届世界卫生大会视频会议开幕,习近平主席在开幕式上发表致辞,你能否介绍习主席致辞主要向国际社会传递了哪些信息?
CCTV: President Xi Jinping delivered a speech via videolink at the opening ceremony of the 73rd World Health Assembly yesterday. Could you tell us what messages were sent out to the international community?

赵立坚:昨天,习近平主席在第73届世界卫生大会开幕式上致辞,从共同构建人类卫生健康共同体的高度,深刻阐述中国抗疫主张,提出一系列重要倡议和举措,对于提振全球抗疫信心,推进国际抗疫合作,擘画未来全球治理体系,具有十分重要的现实和深远意义。这里我愿再强调三点:

Zhao Lijian: Yesterday President Xi Jinping delivered a speech via videolink at the opening ceremony of the 73rd World Health Assembly. Championing the vision of building a global community of health for all, President Xi expounded China's response to COVID-19 and put forward a series of important proposals and measures, demonstrating very practical and far-reaching significance in boosting global confidence, promoting international cooperation and outlining future global governance system. Here I'd like to emphasize three points.

第一,聚焦抗疫、同舟共济。全球疫情形势仍然复杂严峻,抗击疫情是当务之急。各国应坚持以民为本、生命至上,尽快遏制疫情在全球蔓延态势。在此过程中,中方呼吁要坚持世卫组织领导作用,支持世卫组织就是支持国际抗疫合作、支持挽救生命、支持维护多边主义。我们愿继续同国际社会一道,加大对世卫组织支持,加强国际抗疫合作,直至取得疫情全球防控阻击战的最终胜利。

First, we need to focus on fighting the pandemic and work together. The global situation remains complex and grave, and fighting the pandemic is a top priority. All countries should put people's lives first and stem the global spread of the virus as soon as possible. China calls on upholding WHO's leadership role. To support WHO is to support international cooperation, to support saving lives and to support multilateralism. We are ready to continue working with the international community to step up support for WHO and strengthen international cooperation in the fight against COVID-19 until the final victory is achieved.
第二,大爱无疆、守望相助。中国始终本着公开、透明、负责任的态度,秉持构建人类命运共同体理念,既对本国人民生命安全和身体健康负责,也对全球公共卫生事业尽责。此次会议上,中方宣布了五项加强全球抗疫合作的重大举措,包括将在两年内提供20亿美元国际援助,同联合国合作在华设立全球人道主义应急仓库和枢纽,建立30个中非对口医院合作机制、加快建设非洲疾控中心总部,中国疫苗研发完成并投入使用后将作为全球公共产品,中国将与二十国集团成员共同落实“暂缓最贫困国家债务偿付倡议”,并愿与国际社会一道加大对疫情特别重、压力特别大的国家的支持力度,帮助其克服当前困难。这彰显了中国负责任大国的担当。
Second, we need to assist each other in a humanitarian spirit. With an open, transparent and responsible attitude and the vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind, China takes it as its responsibility to safeguard not just the life and health of its own citizens, but also global public health. At the opening ceremony, China announced five important measures to strengthen global cooperation against COVID-19, including providing US$2 billion of international aid in the next two years, working with the UN to set up a global humanitarian response depot and hub in China, establishing a cooperation mechanism for its hospitals to pair up with 30 African hospitals and accelerating the building of the Africa CDC headquarters, making China's COVID-19 vaccine development and deployment, when available, a global public good, and working with other G20 members to implement the Debt Service Suspension Initiative for the poorest countries. China is also ready to work with the international community to bolster support for the hardest-hit countries under the greatest strain so that they could tide over the current difficulties, which showcases that China acts responsibly as a major country.
第三,着眼长远、未雨绸缪。人类终将战胜疫情,但重大公共卫生突发事件对人类来说不会是最后一次。中国支持在全球疫情得到控制之后,在坚持科学专业态度、世卫组织主导、客观公正原则的前提下,全面评估全球应对疫情工作,总结经验,弥补不足。同时,在做好常态化疫情防控的前提下,遵照世卫组织的专业建议,有序开展复工复产复学;加强国际宏观经济政策协调,维护全球产业链供应链稳定畅通,尽力恢复世界经济。
Third, we need to take the long view and prepare for a rainy day. We human beings will eventually prevail over the coronavirus. Yet this may not be the last time a major public health emergency comes unexpectedly. Based on the preconditions of a scientific and professional attitude, WHO-led efforts and the principle of objectivity and impartiality, China supports the idea of a comprehensive review of the global response to COVID-19 to sum up experience and address deficiencies after it is brought under control. While containing the virus, countries where conditions permit may reopen businesses and schools in an orderly fashion following WHO's professional recommendations. International macroeconomic policy coordination should be stepped up and the global industrial and supply chains be kept stable and unclogged if we are to restore world economic growth.

当前,国际社会正处于抗击疫情的关键时期。团结协作、携手抗疫是当务之急。中方愿继续同国际社会一道,继续支持世卫组织在全球抗疫中发挥领导作用,推动国际社会团结合作战胜疫情,共同佑护人类共同的地球家园,共同构建人类卫生健康共同体。

At present, the international community is at a critical juncture in the fight against the pandemic. China is ready to continue to work with the international community to support WHO's leadership in the global response, promote solidarity and cooperation among the international community, safeguard planet Earth, our common home, and build a global community of health for all.

澎湃新闻记者:欧盟、俄罗斯、日本、印度、巴西、澳大利亚等120多个国家在世卫大会提出一项决议草案。中方对该决议草案持何立场?是否也是决议草案共提国?
The Paper: The European Union, Russia, Japan, India, Brazil and Australia, among over 120 countries, proposed a draft resolution at the WHA. What is China's position on this draft resolution? Is China a co-sponsor?

赵立坚:昨天我已就该问题阐明了中方立场。我愿再次重申:中方与各国一道,积极参与了这一决议草案的磋商。目前决议案文明确认可和支持世卫组织发挥关键领导作用,呼吁会员国防止歧视、污名化作法,打击错误、虚假信息,在研发诊断工具、诊疗方法、药物及疫苗、病毒动物源头等领域加强合作,并适时对世卫组织应对疫情工作进行评估。这些都符合中方立场主张,也是国际社会绝大多数国家的共同愿望。鉴此,中方已参加了上述决议草案的共同提案国。我们希望该决议能以协商一致方式获第73届世界卫生大会通过并能够得到全面和准确的贯彻。

Zhao Lijian: I stated China's position on this issue yesterday. I want to reiterate that China, along with other parties, has actively participated in the consultations on the draft resolution. The text of the current draft resolution unequivocally affirms and supports WHO's leading role and calls on member states to take necessary measures to prevent discrimination and stigmatization, combat misinformation and disinformation, strengthen cooperation in the development of diagnostic tools, treatment methods, drugs and vaccines, and in discovering the animal sources of the virus, and evaluate the WHO's response to the outbreak at the appropriate moment. All these are in line with China's position and meet the shared aspiration of the overwhelming majority of countries in the international community. In light of these facts, China is a co-sponsor of the above-mentioned draft resolution. We hope it will be adopted at the 73rd WHA by consensus and followed through upon in a comprehensive and accurate manner.


中国日报记者:澳大利亚外长佩恩18日表示,多国支持欧盟在世卫大会提出的涉疫情决议,显示澳提出“独立国际审议”的重要性。这是国际社会的胜利,澳作为其中积极、强有力的一员备受鼓舞。请问中方对此有何评论?

China Daily: Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne said on May 18 that the input of so many parties in the EU-sponsored COVID-19 draft resolution at the WHA is a real signal of the importance of the call for an independent, international review proposed by Australia. It's a win for the international community, and Australia, as a strong and active part of that international community, would certainly see it that way. Do you have any comment?
赵立坚:首先,中国支持在全球疫情得到控制之后,全面评估全球应对疫情工作,总结经验、弥补不足。这项工作需要科学专业的态度,需要世卫组织主导,坚持客观公正原则。这是中国一贯的、明确的立场。世卫大会正在讨论的新冠肺炎决议草案符合中方上述立场,体现了世界各国的广泛共识。中方同有关各方一道,积极参与决议草案磋商并参加了决议草案共提。
Zhao Lijian: First and foremost, China supports a comprehensive evaluation of global COVID-19 response to sum up experience and address deficiencies after the pandemic is brought under control. This should be led by WHO and conducted in a science-based, professional, objective and impartial manner. China has been consistent and clear about this all along. The draft resolution on COVID-19 being discussed at this year's WHA is consistent with China's position and reflects the widespread consensus of other countries. China, along with other parties, has actively participated in the consultations on the draft resolution and co-sponsored the draft resolution.
其次,上述决议草案与澳大利亚方面此前提出的所谓疫情“独立国际审议”完全不是一回事。比如,决议草案提出的是适时启动评估而非立即搞所谓“审议”,确认了世卫组织的关键领导作用而非另起炉灶,要求回顾总结在世卫组织协调下国际卫生领域应对工作的经验教训,而非针对个别国家搞有罪推定式的调查。建议澳方认真仔细地阅读原文,而不是想当然地作出结论。
Second, the above-mentioned draft resolution is entirely different from what Australia called "independent international review". For example, the draft resolution proposes to initiate at the appropriate moment an evaluation rather than to launch an "independent international review" instantly. This confirms WHO's leading role instead of adopting another mechanism. The draft resolution calls for an evaluation of experience gained and lessons learnt from the WHO-coordinated international health response, rather than an inquiry based on the presumption of guilt targeting any country. We hope Australia will read the text carefully instead of making conclusions based on assumptions.
最后我想强调,如果澳方愿意改弦更张,根据世卫大会有关决议案,彻底放弃对疫情的政治操弄,回到国际社会的普遍共识上来,我们对此是欢迎的。
Lastly, I want to stress that we welcome it if Australia changes its course, completely gives up its political maneuver and returns to the broad consensus of the international community following the relevant WHA resolution.

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