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2020年5月20日外交部发言人赵立坚主持例行记者会【中英文对照版】
责任编辑:  发布时间:2020-05-21  阅读次数:显示稿件总访问量

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Zhao Lijian's Regular Press Conference on May 20, 2020


中央广播电视总台央视记者:第73届世界卫生大会通过了欧盟提出的应对新冠疫情决议,中方对此有何评论?中方为何参加共同提案国?

CCTV: The 73rd WHA adopted the EU-proposed resolution on COVID-19 response. Do you have any comment? Why did China co-sponsor this resolution?

赵立坚:第73届世界卫生大会于5月19日协商一致通过了新冠疫情决议。中方表示欢迎。

Zhao Lijian: On May 19, the 73rd WHA adopted the resolution on COVID-19 response by consensus. China welcomes that.

决议明确认可和支持世卫组织发挥关键领导作用,呼吁会员国防止歧视、污名化作法,打击错误、虚假信息,在研发诊断工具、诊疗方法、药物及疫苗、病毒动物源头等领域加强合作,并适时对世卫组织应对疫情工作进行评估。这些均符合中方立场主张,也是国际社会绝大多数国家的共同愿望。因此,中国不仅参加了协商一致,而且同140多个国家一道,是这个决议草案的共同提案国。

The resolution unequivocally affirms and supports WHO's leading role and calls on member states to prevent discrimination and stigmatization, combat misinformation and disinformation, strengthen cooperation on the research on diagnostics, therapeutics, medicines and vaccines, and the zoonotic source of the virus and evaluate the work of WHO at the appropriate moment. All these are in line with China's position and meet the shared aspiration of the overwhelming majority of the international community. In light of this, China is, along with other more than 140 countries, a co-sponsor of the above-mentioned draft resolution and joined the consensus.
关于病毒溯源问题,决议基本参照5月1日《国际卫生条例》突发事件委员会建议措辞,将溯源研究范围严格限定在查找动物来源、中间宿主和传播途径,目的是为了国际社会未来更好地应对疫情。这也是世卫组织和谭德塞总干事提出的建议。的确,有个别国家在磋商中要求将病毒溯源作为优先事项,但绝大多数国家认为当前重点是疫情防控,不赞成将病毒溯源作为优先事项,拒绝了有关措辞。这说明将溯源问题政治化根本没有市场。
On tracing the source of the virus, the resolution basically follows the recommendations issued under the International Health Regulations upon the advice of the Emergency Committee for COVID-19 on May 1, strictly restricting the relevant research to identifying the zoonotic source of the virus, intermediate hosts and the route of introduction to the human population, to enhance preparedness of the international community in the future. This is also a recommendation made by Director-General Tedros. Indeed, certain countries proposed to prioritize tracing the source of virus in the consultations, but the overwhelming majority of countries believed the most pressing concern is epidemic prevention and control. They didn't agree to make tracing the source of virus a priority and rejected such wording, which proves that politicization of this issue gains no support.
关于对世卫组织进行评估问题,决议提出评估由世卫组织总干事同会员国协商后进行,目的是审议世卫组织应对疫情的经验,并提出未来工作建议。世卫组织曾对甲型H1N1流感和埃博拉应对工作进行评估,这是世卫组织在每次应对重大疫情后的惯常作法。决议要求评估进程是逐步、公正、独立和全面的,这四个词十分重要,意味着评估不能被少数国家所垄断。
On the evaluation of WHO response, the resolution decides that the evaluation should be initiated by the Director-General in consultation with member states to review experience gained and make recommendations for future work. The WHO previously made evaluation on its H1N1 flu and Ebola responses, a customary practice for the organization after a major epidemic. The resolution asks for a stepwise process of impartial, independent and comprehensive evaluation. These four words - stepwise, impartial, independent and comprehensive - are very important as they indicate that the evaluation shall not be monopolized by a handful of countries.

中方希望世卫大会刚刚通过的这个决议能够得到全面和准确的贯彻。

China hopes this resolution adopted by WHA will be followed through upon in a comprehensive and accurate manner.
至于个别媒体造谣说中国“被迫”参加决议共同提案国,这完全是无稽之谈。事实是,中国同大多数国家一道,坚决打掉了个别国家将溯源和评估问题政治化的企图,确保了决议的客观公正。在这个情况下,我们主动参加了决议的共同提案国。我们奉劝个别国家,不要再编造谎言,为自己的失败寻找借口了。
The rumor that China was "forced" to co-sponsor the proposal, as falsely claimed by certain media, is totally nonsense. As a matter of fact, China, along with the majority of countries, firmly thwarted the attempt of a few countries to politicize the origin tracing and the evaluation of COVID-19 response, and secured an impartial and objective resolution. Under such circumstances, we took the initiative to be a co-sponsor. We advise a few countries to stop fabricating lies in an attempt to seek excuse for its own failure.

澎湃新闻记者:据报道,针对美国总统特朗普致世卫组织总干事谭德塞的信件,加拿大总理特鲁多表示将继续支持世卫组织。欧盟外交事务发言人表示,现在应该是团结一致而不是指责或破坏多边合作的时候,欧盟支持世卫组织为遏制和缓解疫情所做努力。俄罗斯常驻联合国日内瓦办事处代表表示信件毫无新意,我们当然对此持否定态度。世卫组织必须协调国家间在医疗卫生领域的活动。现在抗击新冠肺炎疫情是第一要务,攻击世卫组织与此恰恰相悖。对此你有何评论?
The Paper: There have been some global responses to President Trump's letter to WHO Director-General Tedros. Canadian Prime Minister said that Canada will continue to support WHO. Spokesperson for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy at European Commission said that this is the time for solidarity, not the time for finger-pointing or undermining multilateral cooperation. The EU backs the WHO in its efforts to contain and mitigate the COVID-19 outbreak. Russia's Permanent Representative to the UN Office in Geneva said that there is nothing new in the US letter and they have a negative attitude to it. WHO is the organization that must coordinate interactions between the states in the sphere of healthcare at the international level, and now the priority is the fight against the coronavirus, so these attacks against the WHO are just inconsistent. What is your comment?
赵立坚:我注意到你提到国际上的有关反应。从刚才你提到的国际上的反应不难看出,国际社会对美方这种歪曲事实、自相矛盾、嫁祸于人、甩锅推责、破坏国际抗疫合作的行径普遍不认同。美方这封信罗列的那些谬误,我们已经澄清并驳斥多次了,这里我仅举几个最基本的错误:
Zhao Lijian: I noted those responses you mentioned from all over the world. It is not difficult to see that the international community does not agree with the US fact-distorting and self-contradictory actions that aim to shift the blame and responsibility to others and undermine international cooperation on COVID-19 response. Those fallacies in the US leader's letter have been pointed out and cleared up by us many times. Here I just want to list some of its basic mistakes.
所谓“台湾方面向世卫组织预警病毒人传人”。事实上,台湾方面12月31日发给世卫组织的电子邮件根本未提及人传人,主要是向世卫组织了解情况。
The letter said that "Taiwanese authorities had communicated information to the WHO indicating human-to-human transmission of a new virus". The fact is, the email sent from the Taiwan region to WHO on December 31 was mainly about requesting information from WHO, without any mention of "human-to-human transmission".
所谓“中方领导人1月21日向谭德塞总干事施压”,这纯属捏造。中方和世卫组织均已发布严正声明,中方领导人同谭德塞总干事1月21日从未通过电话。
The letter said that on January 21, the Chinese leader pressured Director-General Tedros. This is pure fiction. As has been clarified by both China and WHO, the Chinese leader and Director-General Tedros didn't even have a phone call on January 21.
关于对“世卫组织总干事谬赞中方抗疫透明度、为抗疫树立新标杆”的指责,美方似乎忘了,美国领导人曾多次公开积极评价中方防疫工作。1月25日,特朗普总统发推特称,中国一直在非常努力地遏制新型冠状病毒,美国非常欣赏中方的努力和透明度。3月13日,特朗普总统向记者表示,中方分享的数据有助于美方抗击疫情。
The letter criticized Director-General Tedros for praising China for its transparency and setting a new standard for outbreak control. The US side seems to have forgotten that its leader has publicly commended on China's outbreak response on many occasions. On January 25, President Trump tweeted that China has been working very hard to contain the coronavirus, and the United States greatly appreciates its efforts and transparency. On March 13, President Trump told journalists that the data China shared was helpful for the U.S. efforts against the epidemic.
美方错误漏洞还有很多,谎言谣言也不止上述,我就不一一列举了。世人的眼睛是雪亮的,这封信的可信度到底有多高,国际社会自有公论。
The list of US disinformation, lies and rumors goes on and on. There is simply not enough time for me to enumerate them all. But the public is a fair judge. The international community will determine the credibility of this letter.
让我们看看下面这条时间线:1月23日武汉采取“封城”措施,当时美国国内确诊1例,到2月2日美对所有中国公民和过去14天到过中国的外国人关闭边境,当时美国官方统计国内确诊11例,到3月13日宣布国家紧急状态时1264例,3月19日美国内确诊病例超过1万,3月27日超过10万,4月8日武汉“解封”时美国内确诊病例40万,直至今天美国内确诊和死亡病例分别为157万和9万多。我们为这些逝去的生命感到痛心,祝愿美国人民早日战胜疫情。但这个锅实在是太大太重了,是那些热衷于政治操纵的美国政客们想甩也甩不掉的。
Let us just revisit the timeline here. The US had only one confirmed case when Wuhan was put under lockdown on January 23. The US official tally for the confirmed cases was 11 when it closed its borders on February 2 to all Chinese citizens as well as foreigners who had been to China in the previous 14 days. The US had 1,264 cases when it declared national emergency on March 13. The number surpassed 10,000 on March 19 and 100,000 on March 27. When the lockdown in Wuhan was lifted on April 8, there were 400,000 confirmed cases in the US. Today, the US has more than 1.57 million confirmed cases and over 90,000 death tolls. We mourn for the lost lives and wish the US people will defeat the outbreak as early as possible. But for those US politicians spending all their time on political maneuvering, the responsibility is too heavy to shake off.
中国始终秉持构建人类命运共同体理念,坚持以民为本、生命至上,既对本国人民生命安全和身体健康负责,也对全球公共卫生事业尽责。我们采取了最全面、最严格、最彻底的防控举措,举国上下,每个家庭、每个公民都坚守着各自的抗疫职责。经过艰苦卓绝的努力,付出巨大的代价,中国有力扭转了疫情局势。中方始终本着公开、透明、负责任的态度及时向世卫组织和包括美国在内的相关国家通报疫情信息,第一时间发布病毒基因序列等信息,毫无保留地同各方分享防控和救治经验,尽己所能为有需要的国家提供了大量的支持和帮助。5月18日,习近平主席在第73届世界卫生大会视频会议开幕式上致辞,就国际疫情防控和全球抗疫合作宣布了重要建议和举措。中方坚定支持世卫组织在国际抗击疫情中发挥领导作用。因为支持世卫组织就是支持国际抗疫合作,支持挽救生命。单边主义,自私自利,逃避责任,甚至胁迫、恐吓世卫组织的行为是对生命的漠视,对人道主义的挑战,对国际抗疫合作的破坏。
China upholds the vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind and puts the people and their lives first. China takes it as its responsibility to ensure not just the life and health of its own citizens, but also global public health. We have taken the most comprehensive, rigorous and thorough measures, and every family and every citizen nationwide have been contributing their strength in this fight against COVID-19. After making painstaking efforts and enormous sacrifice, we have turned the tide. We have been acting with openness, transparency and responsibility, and providing epidemic updates to WHO and relevant countries including the US in a timely fashion. We shared the genome sequence at the earliest possible time. We shared control and treatment experience with the world without reservation. We have done everything in our power to support and assist countries in need. On May 18, President Xi Jinping delivered a speech via videolink at the opening ceremony of the 73rd World Health Assembly and put forward important proposals and measures on international cooperation in response to COVID-19. China firmly supports WHO's leading role in the global response, because to support WHO is to support international cooperation and to support saving lives. Practices of unilateralism, selfishness, evading responsibility, and even coercing and intimidating WHO, are indifference toward lives, challenges to humanitarianism, and disruption of international cooperation on COVID-19 response.
美方应致力于早日战胜病毒,而不是向领导抗疫的国际组织发出“最后通牒”。我们奉劝美方一些政客多反躬自省,停止政治操弄,将精力用在挽救更多生命上。
The US should commit itself to securing an early victory against the virus instead of issuing an "ultimatum" to the very international organization spearheading the global response. We advise some US politicians reflect on their actions, stop political maneuvering and focus on saving more lives.

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